The Difference between Swimming Styles

As you are probably aware, there is more than one swimming style and each of these styles comes with their own advantages and disadvantages. The following is a shortlist of the most popular swimming styles and their characteristics.


This swimming style is usually used first in the training of beginner swimmers. Movements with both hands forward with a certain restriction that the elbows must be below the water are the main characteristics of this style. The movements of the legs are synched with the hand movements, but unlike other styles legs also work together, in a movement that resembles frog swimming. This is also the oldest and slowest swimming style that requires great strength in the legs and shoulder area. The biggest advantage of this swimming style is that there is a chance that for the head to remain above water all the time which is especially useful for beginners (they don’t feel fear). The main disadvantage is the fact that this style is very slower and less efficient than all other styles of swimming.


According to many experts, this is the most beautiful and attractive styles of swimming. Swimmers still use alternating strokes with their right and left arms and legs, but this time with their face up. In other words, they look like there are lying with their backs on the water. This is the only swimming style where the competitors start in the water. One of the advantages of this style is the fact that the swimmer is lying on their back which means avoiding problems with breathing. In addition, this style is more efficient than breaststroke because and provides the ability to swim longer distances. This is also a good training for the back muscles. The disadvantage of this style is that this style is still slower than free or butterfly style. It is also really difficult to be practiced by beginners.


In freestyle swimming, alternating strokes with the left and right arm are made while the swimmer is in a position where their face is down parallel to the surface of the water. The movement is supported and improved by the performance of alternating kicks with the legs synched with the strokes of the arms. During this activity, the swimmer usually performs breathing by turning their head to the left or right between two strokes with the arms in order to take some air while exhalation is performed in water. The main advantage of freestyle swimming is that this is the fastest and most efficient style while the disadvantages are related to the position of the face that must be placed in the water after inhalation and the head must be rotated due to inhalation of air.

In addition, there are few other swimming styles. As you can see they all comes with certain advantages and some disadvantages, What experts recommend is to try each of these styles and determine all of the above facts. The most important thing is to enjoy swimming.